2016NYBC年度報告 (NYBC 2016 Annual Report)

發表日期: 2016-12-27
分類: 年報

 

前言
這份報告是臺灣新年數鳥嘉年華(Taiwan New Year Bird Count,簡稱 NYBC Taiwan)第三年的年 度報告,主要報導 2015 年 12 月 19 日至 2016 年 1 月 10 日為期 23 日所執行的成果。臺灣新年數鳥嘉年華的歷年成果,將納入「2020 年臺灣國家鳥類報告」。謹以此報告,感謝所有參與活動的夥伴、團體、捐款人及贊助單位。

第三年的「臺灣新年數鳥嘉年華」在 1,116 位鳥友的共襄盛舉之下,樣區圓數量增加到 156 個,其中就有 6 個樣區圓在金門、馬祖與東沙群島,記錄到的鳥種數從 319 種成長到 331 種。公益勸募總共募得新臺幣 148,560 元,並獲得林務局等單位的支持,給予數鳥志工免門票等優惠,主辦單位在此萬分感謝。若無各地民眾的響應,2016 年便無法展現更進一步的成果。

2016年的代表鳥種是黑嘴鷗,IUCN紅皮書「易危」級的鳥種。今年以鷗類為主題,是感於近年東亞 - 澳洲遷徙線上的水鳥數量大幅下降,度冬棲地嚴重流失,臺灣是許多度冬鷗的重要度冬地。因此,希望藉由數鳥活動,更關心我們的環境與冬候鳥。

臺灣新年數鳥嘉年華是由社團法人中華民國野鳥學會發起,與社團法人台北市野鳥學會、社團法人高雄市野鳥學會,以及行政院農業委員會特有生物研究保育中心共同籌辦與推動。主辦團隊成員包括:沈育霖先生(中華)、呂翊維先生(台北)、林昆海先生(高雄)、林瑞興博士(特生)及林大利先生(特生)。

NYBC Taiwan 的第三年,感謝江郁宣小姐完成活動 LOGO、相關美編設計及紀念品黑嘴鷗方巾,感謝「玉子日記」完成封面繪圖,感謝趙容小姐協助資料的整理,感謝天晴文化事業完成年度報告的美編設計,感謝內政部營建署的補助。

建議引用方式

林大利、呂翊維、林昆海、沈育霖、林瑞興。2016。臺灣新年數鳥嘉年華 2016 年度報告。社團法人中華民國野鳥學會、行政院農業委員會特有生物研究保育中心。臺北。

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Preface
This annual report is the third one for Taiwan New Year Bird Count (NYBC Taiwan), a citizen science monitoring project for winter avifauna in Taiwan and surrounding islands since 2014. e contents contain the results of 23 days monitoring for winter avifauna during Dec 19th 2015 to Jan 10th 2016. e results of NYBC Taiwan will be adopted by "2020 State of Taiwan's Birds". We really appreciate to the all volunteers, participants, NGOs, donors and sponsors.

The bird species for 3rd NYBC Taiwan was Saunder's Gull (Chroicocephalus saundersi), a vulnerable species in IUCN Red List 3.1. Wintering habitats loss have been the major factor that led the migratory birds decreasing signicantly in East Asia-Australasia Flyway. Taiwan is the important stopover site and wintering region for many migratory species, especially for Saunder's Gull. We hope NYBC Taiwan will make the public concern our evironment and biodiversity.

NYBC Taiwan is hosted by Chinese Wild Bird Federation (CWBF), Wild Bird Society of Taipei (WBST), Kaohsiung Wild Bird Society and Taiwan Endemic Species Research Institute (TESRI). The monitoring methods of NYBC Taiwan followed the principles of Christmas Bird Count. During 23 days (the middle date is January 1st), a volunteer team choose one day to count the birds within a circle sample area (3 km in radius).

In 2016, 1,116 volunteers recorded 331 bird species, 292,837 individuals in 156 circle sample areas. Bird species richness, abundance, the number of volunteers and circle sample areas kept increasing. The data provides valuable information about the distribution and community composition of the avifauna in winter. This project will continue to conduct and attempt to cooperate with countries in East Asia to monitor migrants in East Asia-Australasia Flyways.

Recommended citation

Lin, D.-L., Lu, A., Lin, K.-H. , Shen, Y.-L., Lin, R.-S. 2016. Taiwan New Year Bird Count 2016 Annual Report. Chinese Wild Bird Federation, Taiwan Endemic Species Research Institute, Taipei, Taiwan.